Machine Sewing: How to Use the Sewing Machine | The Definitive Guide


Your first brand new sewing machine has finally arrived. You opened the package, but now you don’t know where to start. Machine sewing is not difficult at all. In our opinion, the real difficulty is in hand sewing, since the sewing machine does all the work for you. But you have to know how to use it. In this article we explain how to take the first steps, and understand how to use your sewing machine. These instructions are valid for all basic sewing machines produced by Singer, but also by Brother, Necchi and Pfaff. Here’s what you need: your new sewing machine, already connected to the power outlet, and with the needle threaded. If you don’t know how to thread the needle, read our article on how to thread the sewing machine. If not your box of sewing accessories, many scraps of fabric to try out the most common sewing stitches, a little time-scissors and a bit of patience.}} How to Use the Sewing Machine For sewing a machine there are no secrets, but just follow five simple steps: Set the right thread tension Choose the needle that’s right for you Choose the sewing stitch that best suits the jobs to be done Carefully remove the work from the machine Take care of the sewing machine To start with, we recommend trying the thread tension, and stitching various types of stitches on old fabric remnants. Those who start in fact often need some time to transport the fabric regularly under the foot, creating straight seams. Usually the very first seams are crooked, with the points too slow, or with the thread coming out of the eye of the needle continuously. But just a little practice is needed. 1. How to set the correct sewing machine thread tension Have you identified the tension adjustment wheel? It should be at the top left of your sewing machine. The golden rule is to set the wheel to “4”, to have an average upper thread tension. Most of all sewing jobs are done with the upper thread tension set to the value of 3, 4 or even 5. Setting the tension to 4 should have no problem, though: if you want to try sewing the zigzag or try your hand at decorative stitches, set the tension to 3. These stitches must be a little slower for a seam on the right side but very tight, try to set the tension on 5 Put your scraps on, make various test stitches . Try the straight stitch with the tension at 4, then test the zigzag stitch by setting the tension later to 3, 4, and 5. Make some decorative stitches by changing the thread tension. Look carefully at the stitches you have sewn on the fabric remnants. How are they? Are they good or are they too slow? Has the fabric curled, or has it retained its original shape? 2. How to Choose the Right Needle for Machine Sewing Needles that you find included in the accessories of your sewing machine have different diameters. Which one to choose? It depends on the type of thread you will need to use, and also on the fabric to be worked. The rules are few and simple: needles with a diameter of 70 – 80 are suitable for: cotton, twill, veil, silk, cotton knit, muslin, jersey, polyester, all fabrics for shirts . They must be used with cotton, nylon or polyester yarns. Needles with a diameter of 80 – 90 are suitable for: medium fabrics in cotton, or satin, but also heavier fabrics, such as rather thin wools, or sailing fabrics, needles from diameter 90 must be used for: all medium and heavy fabrics, such as jeans, but also gabardine, covers for mattresses and pillows, eco-leather, various types of cloth, needles with a diameter of 100 are suitable for: wool heavy, outdoor curtains, very thick jeans, upholstery fabrics, tea towels 110 diameter needles are used for: coat fabrics, upholstery fabrics, vinyl, some types of leather or eco-leather. With these needles you will have to use the largest foot you find …

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